It is well-known and accepted the fact that any building, house or concrete structure needs a very strong and durable foundation to be built well. For a quality concrete construction, the underground structural base must always properly support the building. That is where piling becomes important. Piling is a technique used by contractors to set a deep foundation for many different architectural and building structures. This process is performed by embedding piles of wood, concrete or steel into the deep soil of the ground and providing a strong support to the building structure. The difference between regular structural supporting and piling is that piling provides support at the foundation level.
Beginning The Piling Process
Before beginning the piling process, a contractor must take into consideration the size, capacity, and scope of the project. The condition of the soil must also be checked as well if there is enough space for rigging. Through this process, the foundation will be deeply set and very strong. As a result, a more substantial layer of the soil and a solid foundation will have a higher bearing capacity and support the entire structure better.
Materials that are commonly used for piling are wood, steel, and concrete. Vertical columns of wood, steel sheet piles and timber piles can also be used. The solid foundation is made when the chosen material is drilled or driven into the ground. In order to complete this process successfully and create a strong structure, site fitters, structural engineers, geotechnical engineers, and contractors as well as some other specialists (if required) must work together and appropriately design, understand, streamline and execute their plan.
Different piling variations and techniques such as Screw piling and Sheet Piles are hired and used by all major contractors, housing developers and similar to construct strong and durable residential or commercial structures. Piling can also be useful in road construction and marine projects.
Advantages of Using Screw Piles
The most popular technique of piling is screw piling. This engineering method has evolved over the years and become a cost-effective and relatively easy way to make a strong, deep foundation. These piles are made of strong but light steel shaft onto which are welded steel plates. As a result, we get something similarly looking like the classic Archimedes screw. By using portable and compact technology, the piles are easily and quickly screwed into the ground, ensuring the building has proper structural support. The technique is used for underpinning buildings, supporting for road and trackside gantries, slope stabilization and so on.
This elegant piling technique offers many benefits for engineering applications. The following common known advantages of screw piling are:
- Quick and easy to install, meaning it will save our time and money
- It doesn’t require excavation or carting away the soil
- It enables faster commissioning of sites
- It has flexible design
- It offers sustainable solutions – the piles are removable and reusable
- It can be installed in low temperatures
- Cost-effective solution (especially for soft ground where concrete is technically unsuitable)